“We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give.”
A condition that puts a lot of children at risk for many of the issues listed in this section is poverty .lack of access to basic requirements such as a food, shelter, and clothing are underlying cause of poor child health, poor child nutrition, child labor, child marriage, and various other issues . it widens the economics , social , cultural,and gender disparities already present in the society. Poverty essentially threatens every child rights, survivals, child development and child protection.poverty follows a vicious cycle as poor children development up to be poor adults who then pass on debt to their children.
- 1 in 4 children of school-going age is out of school in our country – 99 million children in total have dropped out of school (Census 2011).
- Out of every 100 children, only 32 children finish their school education age-appropriately (District Information System for Education (DISE) 2014-15).
- Only 2% of the schools offer complete school education from Class 1 to Class 12 (District Information System for Education (DISE) 2014-15).
Child labour and exploitation
- There are 10.13 million child labourer between 5-14 years in India (Census 2011).
- India has 33 million working children between the ages of 5-18 years. In parts of the country, more than half the child population is engaged in labour (Census 2011).
- Every 8 minutes, a child goes missing in India – kidnapping and abduction is the largest crime against children in our country (District Crime Record Bureau (DCRB) 2014).
- Over the last 10 years, crimes against children has increased 5 times over (District Crime Record Bureau (DCRB) Data Series).
- Fear of failure in examinations in the second highest cause of suicides in children (Accidents and Suicide Deaths in India (ASDI) 2014).
- The health indicators of children in India are among the worst in the world – only around half (54%) of the infants in India are fully immunised. More than half the births in the country continue to remain home-births (National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 3)
- 4 out of 5 children under 3 years of age in the country are anemic (National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 3)
- 3 out of 5 children are malnourished (National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 3)
- Around 8.5 lakh children are estimated to die before their first birthday each year (Census 2011 and Sample Registration System (SRS) 2013)
- Latest NFHS data shows that less than one-third infants receive adequate diet in all states in the country* (National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4)
- Data has been released for 18 states and Union Territories
- 42% of married women in India were married as children (District Information System for Education (DISE) 3)
- 1 in every 3 child brides in the world is a girl in India (UNICEF)
- India has more than 4.5 lakh girls under 15 years of age who are married with children. Out of these, 70% of the girls have 2 children (Census 2011)
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